• Sat. Sep 26th, 2020

Lung Cancer: Types, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Early Detection


Aug 4, 2020

Lung cancer is a disease where malignant tumors grow and abnormally divide inside the organ. They can also spread throughout the body, worsening the illness. Since it can be fatal, people should learn about preventing and recognizing its warning signs. They might also require 24/7 home health care post-diagnosis.


Here are 2 major classifications of lung cancer:

Non-Small Cell

It’s the most common form that typically starts in the outer part of the lungs. Some cases begin in the respiratory tract or the air sacs. To prevent it from spreading, people should detect its symptoms right away. They include:

  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Lethargy
  • Throatiness
  • Weight loss
  • Wheezing

Small Cell

It’s an aggressive form that occurs when malignant cells grow inside the lung tissues and spread quickly to other areas, such as lymph nodes. Prompt treatment is required for it not to be fatal. While its signs are similar to those of the former type, they may not manifest until the disease is at a later stage. High-risk people should see a specialist regularly to prevent or detect early symptoms.

Risk Factors and Prevention

People who have a family history of lung cancer are at risk of developing it. They should consult an oncologist to identify if they have it and get treatment early on. Another leading cause is cigarette smoking, as it’s linked to 80% to 90% of deaths from this disease in the United States. Quitting it lowers the possibility of contracting the illness.

Meanwhile, people should avoid long exposure to secondhand smoke, asbestos, and radon gas, as they also trigger lung cancer. Other risk factors include an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. To address this, they should eat vitamin-rich foods and exercise frequently.

Early Detection

While preventive measures counter risk factors, some still develop lung cancer. Fortunately, it can be promptly detected if those who are vulnerable or exhibiting symptoms seek help from a medical provider. They perform various screening tests, including chest radiography, sputum cytology, and computed tomography (CT) scans.

If they find anything unusual, they’ll also check the other organs to confirm that the problem is with the lungs. Once they’ve verified this, they’ll discuss the findings and recommend treatments to prevent the malignant cells from spreading.

Individuals who want to have themselves examined should go to a doctor with a lung cancer CME. Since they’re highly knowledgeable and trained, they can suggest preventive measures and perform screening tests. With their expertise, people can get proper care and treatment, including home care in San Diego.

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